How Propranolol Can Treat Hemangioma

If you want to understand if it’s worth taking Propranolol to treat hemangioma, there are certain questions that should be answered first.

What is Propranolol? Basically, it’s a popular medication that belongs to beta-blockers, and many patients take it to treat hypertension and some other widespread medical conditions. It’s interesting that Propranolol has been used unofficially to treat complicated infantile hemangioma since 2008. Keep in mind that a big part of patients who are diagnosed with this disease are not at risk of certain complications, so that they don’t require this kind of treatment. You can find oral Propranolol in liquid suspensions and tablets, but some people use it as ointments.

How Propranolol Works for Infantile Hemangioma

propranolol and hemangioma treatment

To get more information about Propranolol and hemangioma treatment, you need to understand the mechanism of action of this medicine. It’s thought to constrict the existing blood vessels within hemangioma and inhibit the growth of the new ones. It affects beta adrenergic receptors to reduce the release of special molecules that signal the growth of blood vessels and trigger programmed cell death.

When do patients need to consider the intake of Propranolol? The good news is that this medical condition is hidden and small in most cases. Once it reaches its full size, it will shrink over time, so that it doesn’t require any specific treatment, but people should think about using Propranolol when they are at risk of developing unwanted complications. There are certain indications for this treatment, and they include infantile hemangioma that grows in high-risk zones where it may interfere with normal functions, like hearing, vision and breathing. These risky spots are around the eyes and mouth, on lips and nose tips, within airways and ear canals, skin creases and napkin areas, large face lesions and others.

Effectiveness of Propranolol in Treating Hemangioma

Treating Hemangioma succesfully

Remember that this medication is more effective when you start taking it during the growth phase of this health condition. For example, when it comes to infants who are up to 6 months old, they will start responding to this treatment within 24-48 hours. The signs of its functioning include softening and darkening in its color. Take into account that the optimal duration of treatment should be established, but there are many reports that include 3-13-month use. Rebound growth may happen on cessation, and this is when gradual weaning is required.

In conclusion, the intake of Propranolol is effective if patients start this treatment after the growth phase of hemangioma, even if they are older than 1. This is how they will speed up the rate of decreasing it in size and disappearing at all. When treating ulcerated infantile hemangioma, this medicine will shorten the healing time.